16 Important National Symbols of India With Images ( Updated)

16 Important National Symbols of India With Images ( Updated)

16 Important National Symbols of India With Images ( Updated)

National Symbols of a country is important information that represents its culture, history, heritage & Values. The Demography is diverse & culture so vibrant that people from all over the world flock to famous places to see in India. The National Symbols of India is a true representation of our rich culture.

Each of these symbols denotes a certain aspect of our country & its perspective towards mutual co-existence, prosperity & courage. As we all know, India is a beautiful country with a history dating back to thousands of years. We are a perfect amalgam of diverse religions, languages & lifestyles.


National Symbols Of India with Images

National symbols of a country represent the culture, value & philosophy. These symbols create a sense of nationalism & pride and widely used in Official documents & events.

National symbols of India cover a variety of things from our national flag to national song pledge & anthem, Animal, bird, fruits, microorganism, river, reptile, heritage animal & flower.

These symbols are carefully selected after weighing its importance in history, culture & social fabric of the country. Symbols like animal, river, bird etc were included in the list to raise awareness about the ecosystem & conservation of these species.


India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great-grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only. ∼ Mark Twain

National Flag Of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Complete Details

The National Flag of India has three colors, Orange, White & Green. It has Ashok Chakra in the middle. Each of these colors and symbols has great significance representing various aspects of our history, culture & heritage.

Design of the Indian Flag: The Flag has three horizontal color strips running across its length. The Color bands are equally proportioned

1. Deep Orange or Kesariya: It is the color of courage & strength. Our country has a glorifying history of courage & conviction.

2. White: The color of peace & harmony, White adores the middle part of the flag with Ashok Chakra in the middle.

3. Green: The color stands for prosperity, growth & fertility.

4. Ashok Chakra: It is in the middle of the Indian flag that symbolizes the religious aspect of human life. It has 24 spokes in navy blue color, each denoting an important duty we must fulfill in our lives.

  • 1st Spoke: Chastity– Inspire to live a simple & meaning life.
  • 2nd Spoke: Health– Signifies the importance of a healthy body, mind & soul.
  • 3rd Spoke: Peace– Peace & Harmony should prevail at all times.
  • 4th Spoke: Sacrifice– Live & make sacrifices for the country & society.
  • 5th Spoke: Morality– Maintain morality in personal, social & professional life.
  • 6th Spoke: Service– We must be ready to serve our nation & society
  • 7th Spoke: Forgiveness– One must forgive & seek forgiveness towards self, other humans & all living creatures.
  • 8th Spoke: Love– love & compassion towards all living creatures
  • 9th Spoke: Friendship– Be friendly with everyone around
  • 10th Spoke: Fraternity– Have a sense of belonging & brotherhood towards the nation.
  • 11th Spoke: Organisation– Strengthen the unity of the nation
  • 12th Spoke: Welfare– Indulge in the welfare activities for society & nation
  • 13th Spoke: Industry– Contribute to the industrial development of the nation.
  • 14th Spoke: Safety– Ensure the safety of the citizens & country
  • 15th Spoke: Prosperity– contribute to the growth & prosperity of the country.
  • 16th Spoke: Awareness– Always be aware of the true facts & information
  • 17th Spoke: Equality– practice & develope a society based on equality.
  • 18th Spoke: Artha– Strength the monetary position of the country
  • 19th Spoke: Policy– Have faith in the principles & policies of the country.
  • 20th Spoke: Justice– Justice for every citizen of the country.
  • 21th Spoke: Co-operation– Work together for the progress of the nation.
  • 22th Spoke: Duty– Fulfil your duties
  • 23th Spoke: Rights– Equal rights for everyone
  • 24th Spoke: Wisdom– Be knowledgeable & seek wisdom

History: Since its conception in 1921, the tricolor flag had been changed a few times. The first flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya for the Indian National Congress on the suggestion of Mahatma Gandhi.

In 1931, a historic resolution was passed adopting the tricolor as our National Flag. The color stripes were the same but it had a spinning while at the center.

Finally, on July 22, 1947, The constitutional Assembly finally adopted it as the National flag of India, the symbol of a free country. The spinning wheel was replaced by Ashok Chakra representing the ‘Wheel Of Law’.




National Emblem of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

History: Ashok Chakra with the Lion Capitol Atop the Ashoka Pillar in Sarnath was adopted as the National Emblem of India. It was adopted on January 26, 1950, by Madhav Sawhney. It is preserved in Sarnath Museum, Varanasi.

Significance: The National Emblem of India signifies that the law is above all & may the truth ( Satya Mev Jayate). It is present on all Indian Currency & as well as official letterhead of the Government of India.


National Anthem of India



जन-गण-मन अधिनायक जय हे,
भारत भाग्य विधाता!
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा, उच्छल जलधि तरंग
तब शुभ नामे जागे,
तब शुभ आशिष माँगे
गाहे तब जय गाथा।
जन-गण-मंगलदायक जय हे,
भारत भाग्य विधाता!
जय हे! जय हे! जय हे!
जय जय जय जय हे!




Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he
Tava Subha name jage,
tava subha asisa mage,
gahe tava jaya-gatha.
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, Jaya he, Jaya he,
jaya jaya jaya jaya he.


Nobel Laureate Rabindra Nath Tagor composed the poem in Bengla in 1911. Years later, it was adopted as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.

National Song of India


वन्दे मातरम्।
सुजलाम् सुफलाम्
शस्यश्यामला मातरम्।
वन्दे मातरम्।

सुमधुर भाषिणीम्
सुखदाम् वरदाम्
वन्दे मातरम्।


Vande Matram means ‘Respectfully saluting Mother‘. Here the word mother is referred to our motherland, India. We bow to show respect to our motherland. The song sings the praise of our great country, its history, culture & great heritage.

Vande Matram became the patriotic slogan during the Indian Independence movement.

History: The original song was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay which has 6 stanzas. Out of the 6, 2 stanzas were adopted as the National Song Of Indi. In other stanzas there were references of Indian Goddess Durga which didn’t go down well with some members of the National Congress.

On 24 January 1950, Dr. Rajendra Prasad who was presiding the Constitutional assemble, finalized the song.

The composition consisting of the words and music known as Jana Gana Mana is the National Anthem of India, subject to such alterations in the words as the Government may authorize as occasion arises; and the song Vande Mataram, which has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom, shall be honored equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal status with it. (Applause). I hope this will satisfy the Members. – Dr. Rajendra Prasad



National Pledge of India


भारत हमारा देश है।

हम सब भारतवासी भाई-बहन है।

हमे अपना देश प्राणों से भी प्यारा है।

इसकी समृद्ध और विविध संस्कृति पर मुझे गर्व है।

हम इसके सुयोग्य अधिकारी बनने का प्रयत्न सदा करते रहेंगे।

हम अपने माता पिता, शिक्षको और गुरुजनो का आदर करेंगे और सबके साथ शिष्टता का व्यवहार करेंगे।

हम अपने देश और देशवाशियों के प्रति वफादार रहने की प्रतिज्ञा करते हैं।

उनके कल्याण एवं समृद्धि में ही हमारा सुख निहित है।

जय हिन्द।


The National Pledge of India was introduced in many schools & educational institutes in 1963, a year after it was composed. The pledge was composed by a noted Telugu Poet Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962.

It is usually recited during morning assemblies & national festivals like Independence day & Republic Day

English Translation of National Pledge of India:

India is my country and all Indians are my Brothers and Sisters.

I love my country and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.

I shall always strive to be worthy of it.

I shall give respect to my parents, teachers and all the elders and treat everyone with courtesy.

To my country and my people, I pledge my devotion. In their well being and prosperity alone, lies my happiness

Jai Hind!


National Animal Of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

The Royal Bengal Tiger is the National Animal of India. The mighty looking animal is biggest among the wild cats. The average size of an adult male Bengal Tiger is 270-310 cms & it can weight up to 300 kg.

Bengal Tigers are mostly found in the tropical forests. Many Tiger Reserves in India in different states are working towards conserving & breeding it.

National River of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

River Ganga, the holy & Mighty river, is the National River of India. It is the longest river in India covering 2,510 km in distance. It originates from Himalaya & merges with the Indian Ocean.

History: According to Indian Mythology, River Ganga was residing in the hair of Lord Shiva. It was only when Bhagirathi requested Lord Shiva to allow river Ganga to descend on earth to fertilize the plains of India.

The holy river erupted from the mountains, traveled through valleys & plains to finally drop in the Indian Ocean.  Powerful empires were established on its banks. It has witnessed rise & fall of many empires.

Significance: Ganga was declared the National River of India on Nov 4, 2008, in order to restore & conserve this holy river. There are more than 140 fish & 90 amphibian species are in danger due to excessive pollution.

River Ganga has cultural, geographical & historical significance. It has seen the growth of civilization on its banks. Even today the economy of cities like Varanasi & Kashi is mainly dependent on the river.


National Aquatic Animal of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

Gangetic Dolphin is one of the National Symbols of India. It is a special specie of dolphins found in the rivers. It was notified National Aquatic Animal of India in 2009 in order to draw attention to its conservation.

Gangetic Dolphins symbolize a healthy & vibrant ecosystem. Measures are taken to conserve & increase the population of river dolphins.


 National Flower of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

Lotus or Nelumbo Nucifera Gaertn is a beautiful flower that retains its purity despite being in murky waters. It is symbolic of spirituality, mindedness & purity that’s why it is the sacred symbol of Hinduism.  

History: Lotus has a significant place in Indian Mythology. According to the Hindu scriptures, Lord Brahma emerged from the Navel of Lord Vishu sitting on a lotus. He also carries a Padma or Lotus in one of his four arms.

Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of prosperity & wealth, sits on a lotus. It is a deep symbol of purity of mind & soul, to rise above the worldly sins & retains one’s uniqueness.

Buddism also considers Lotus as one of the sacred symbols.

Significance: Lotus holds a very special place in Indian mythology. There are several instances in the ancient Hindu scripture where Lotus was mentioned as a symbol of the origin of life. No doubt it found a place in & as one of the National Symbols of India.

“As a lotus flower is born in water, grows in water and rises out of the water to stand above it unsoiled, so I, born in the world, raised in the world having overcome the world, live unsoiled by the world.”- Budha


National Currency of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

Indian Rupee is the National Currency of India. It has our National Emblem & a  picture of Mahatma Gandhi among other symbols & prints. The rupee is a Sanskrit word which means stamped, shaped & impressed coin.

The lowest denomination is 1 Rupee which is subdivided into Paisa ( 1 Rupee = 100 paise)

Earlier many small denominations were prevalent like 5p, 10p,25p & 50P. But with the increase in the overall prices, the smaller denominations are out of circulation. The design, shape & color of the currency has changed many times.

Interesting Fact

It was only in October 1987, the currency with the picture of Mahatma Gandhi & water mark of Ashok Sthambh  was introduced.



National Reptile of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

King Cobra ( Ophiophagus hanna) is one of the deadliest snakes in the world, is the designated National Reptile of India & one among the National Symbols of India.

Cobra grows up to 5.5 m in length & is highly poisonous. A single snake bite contains around 6ml of poison which is enough to kill 20 humans & even large animals like an elephant.

King Cobra is mostly found in the rain forest in India & other parts of Southeast Asia & China.

Interesting Fact

King Cobra is the only snake in the world that builds a nest before hatching eggs.


National Microbe of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

History: On October 18, 2012, The Minister of State of Environment & Forest, Jayanthi Natarajan announced Lactobacillus Delbrueckii as the National Microbe Of India. It is an important bacteria used in the production of Yogurt & is also considered a probiotic.

The announcement was made during the International Conference on ‘Bio-Diversity Conservation in a rapidly changing world’ held at Hyderabad, India.

Interestingly, It was selected by the children who visited a special train, the Science Express Biodiversity Special, running between several stations across the country. There were several microbes in the run & people could vote online for the selection process.

Significance: The main reason to adopt a National microbe of India was to create awareness about the biodiversity & importance of Microorganisms for human life. Therefore this microorganism found a place in the list of National Symbols of India.



National Bird Of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Complete Details

The colorful bird, Peacock or Pavo cristatus, with the stunning feather is the National Bird of India. The male is more vibrant & colorful than the female of this species. The stunning colors on the peacock feather make it a sight to behold.

Due to its unmatched beauty, historical & cultural significance, the peacock was designated as one of the National Symbols of India in 1963.

History: Peacock has a significant representation in Indian Mythology. According to the Hindu Legend, Kartikeya, the God of War, rides peacock. He was the son of Lord Shiva & Goddess Parvati. Lord Shiva gave him a peacock as a vehicle.

Lord Krishna adorned peacock feathers. He used to decorate his crown with Morpankh or peacock feather.

Significance: The beautiful bird is significant in many cultures. Wind from its feather said to have a good effect on health. Many people like to place peacock feathers in their praying areas.



National Fruit Of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

Mango, the king of fruits, is designated as the National Fruit of India. This pulpy & juicy fruit is a favorite among Indians. It is used in Indian cuisine extensively, from dessert to pickles to main dishes. You can find hundreds of preparations using Mango in raw or ripe forms.

There are many varieties of mango famous in India. Alphanso (Hafus), Kesar, Langda, Deshari, Chausa & Neelam are particularly famous.

Amir Khusro is so enamored by the royal fruits that he termed Mango as ‘The Fairest Fruit of India’


National Heritage Animal of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

You might wonder what’s the point of having a National Heritage Animal of India if we already have a National animal? The Ministry of Environment & Forests declared Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) the National Heritage Animal of India On Oct 22, 2010

History: Elephant has been a part of heritage since forever. In the past, It was used as a mode of transportation, war & religious purposes. Lord Ganesh, or the elephant god, is the most popular of Hindi deities & worshipped before starting any new task.

The elephant has been a part of many cultures within India. They have always been a part of celebrations & festivals. Even today large religious processions always have a well-decorated elephant leading the procession.

Significance: The Forests of India has been a natural habitat for elephants. You will see large herds of elephants living in the forests of West Bengal, Kerala & Assam. In fact, India has 60% of the total population of elephants in the world.

Due to its importance in cultural & religious aspects of society, Elephants or Gaj has been given the status of the National heritage animal of India.


National Vegetable of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

Pumpkin is one of the most vegetables in India. It is known to be originated in North America. Pumpkin is widely used in India for savory dishes as well as sweet dishes. One of the most popular sweet dish made of Pumpkin is Agra ka Petha.



  These are NOT the National Symbols of India


16 Important National Symbols of India With Images

1. Hindi is NOT the National Language of India. It is one of the most widely spoken languages in the country. India has no official national language.

2. Hockey is NOT the National Game of India. Cricket & hockey are among the popular sports in India. But none of them are declared the national sports by any government body.

3. The lion is NOT the national animal of India, it’s Bengal Tiger. Many people get confused between Lion & tiger.

4. We do NOT have the following National Symbols of India. If you come across any such information, it is not authorized by any government body.

  • National Fish of India
  • National Color of India
  • National insect of India
  • National Drink of India
  • National Food of India
  • National Dress of India

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Important National Symbols of India With Images ( Updated)



Final Words

These National Symbols of India are a true representation of our plural religion, glorious heritage & culture. The information provided above is factual & checked to the best of our abilities. If you find any discrepancy, feel free to contact us!

We have a peaceful & adaptive country which has stood the test of time following numerous invasions & wars. We are proud of our heritage & our Nation. Jai Hind!

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